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A collection of Albanian Grammar e-books


 
Albaglobal: Terminology

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An Integrated Approach to the Translation of Special Terms
Posted by Genta on Monday, February 04 @ 09:27:36 EST (3452 reads)
Topic Terminology
Abstract:

The translation of special terms is an unavoidable problem. This paper attempts to propose an integrated approach to solve the problem. On the basis of some basic knowledge about terminology, a translator should search the corpora of the source language and target language to find the usage of the term and its possible translation in its own linguistic context. Then, only after the consideration of the specific domain can a linguistic choice be made on the translation of the term. In explaining this integrated approach, we use the Chinese semi-term "lüse shipin" (green food) as an example, and propose several tentative translations of this term. Key words: term; terminology; translation; corpus-based investigation; lüse shipin (green food)




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Lexicon and Terminology:
Posted by Genta on Thursday, October 11 @ 04:54:37 EDT (2105 reads)
Topic Terminology
Of Mesopotamia, cattle and interest (en anglais)

Pecuniary, adj
1. of, concerning, or consisting of, money (pecuniary considerations; pecuniary aid)

2. (of an offence) entailing a money penalty or fine

Origin: Latin pecunarius f. pecunia money f. pecu cattle

Pecuniary and impecunious (English), and pécuniaire, pécune and pécule (French) are just a few of the terms relating to money that can be traced back to a period when livestock was the standard currency. This is hardly surprising since financial activities, i.e. lending, borrowing and managing wealth, are thought to have originated among the pastoral societies of the Near East.




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Picturesque German - German Idioms and Their Origins
Posted by Genta on Tuesday, October 02 @ 04:26:36 EDT (2282 reads)
Topic Terminology

My acquaintance with German idioms and figures of speech began in one of the oldest restaurants in Berlin, when my German friends ordered an Eisbein for dinner (traditional German dish—boiled knuckle of pork with sauerkraut). I was amazed at such a funny name (the German word Eisbein means "ice leg") and I asked my friends about the origin of this name. To my disappointment nobody knew the origin and I was answered "It was always so." Only some years later did I find in a cooking book the information that people in old Germany made skates for ice skating from the knuckle bones (hence the name "ice leg"), because iron was too expensive to be used for recreation.



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Better vocabulary
Posted by Genta on Wednesday, September 26 @ 01:06:38 EDT (2300 reads)
Topic Terminology
How to keep your sanity with "lay" and "lie"


Is it correct to say "lay down that pistol", why can't we with equal justification say "lay down for a nap"?

These two verbs are a particularly common and troublesome problem in English grammar (and not only to Americans!), and one well worth devoting some time to. The key to the entire problem lies in your complete understanding of the difference between transitive, intransitive, and passive verbs.




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Lexicon and Terminology: Of Mesopotamia, cattle and interest
Posted by Genta on Wednesday, September 26 @ 00:57:16 EDT (2675 reads)
Topic Terminology

Pecuniary, adj
1. of, concerning, or consisting of, money (pecuniary considerations; pecuniary aid)

2. (of an offence) entailing a money penalty or fine

Origin: Latin pecunarius f. pecunia money f. pecu cattle

Pecuniary and impecunious (English), and pécuniaire, pécune and pécule (French) are just a few of the terms relating to money that can be traced back to a period when livestock was the standard currency. This is hardly surprising since financial activities, i.e. lending, borrowing and managing wealth, are thought to have originated among the pastoral societies of the Near East.




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New Terminologies:
Posted by Genta on Wednesday, September 26 @ 00:51:38 EDT (3165 reads)
Topic Terminology
Peaceful Immigrants or Invading Hordes?

All three of these books are concerned with a crucial problem of translation: precisely how do we handle a vast technical vocabulary unexpectedly imported into a language not necessarily prepared to deal with it? This question applies most urgently to the integration of computer terminology into many of the world's languages, but as we shall see this is not the only possible example. The answer may turn out to be that there is no one method guaranteed to be fully practicable in all cases and that unless there is a pressing need for a culture to absorb such a vocabulary, no one standardized approach may be entirely successful.



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An Open Letter on Glossaries
Posted by Genta on Wednesday, September 26 @ 00:46:24 EDT (2351 reads)
Topic Terminology

Dear Colleagues:

This letter is intended as a query on a topic of interest to many translators. No claims or statements of any sort are being advanced—rather it is an attempt to articulate my own sense of puzzlement in public. May I therefore request your patient compassion as well as any corrections you may care to make.

We sometimes read of learned mathematicians presenting the final proof amidst welcoming applause that such an such an equation can never be solved. In this spirit, discovering the limits of one's ignorance can be as valuable as learning something new. Language does not at least yet lend itself to such exactitude as mathematics, but I cannot help wondering about a few things as I read of tomorrow's computer systems, impending global exchanges of electronic glossaries on all subjects, and remarkable new computer insights into the translating process. All of these are developments that will influence our lives and work in many ways. But are all of these events truly due to occur on as total a scale as projected, or could there just possibly be some key piece of the equation that doesn't mesh, leaving it unsolved in some final sense on both the philosophical and practical levels?



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The Terms of Business
Posted by Genta on Wednesday, September 26 @ 00:44:20 EDT (2495 reads)
Topic Terminology
Saving Money Through Terminology Management

For several years now, LISA members have recognized the value that managing terminology brings to the localization industry. It’s the Terminology SIG’s job to make sure that terminology management remains a focus area for improvement, even if that means looking beyond the GILT industry itself. Because indeed it’s not just about translation. The message is simple, to quote IBM’s Globalizing your e-business web site: “Managing terminology supports your corporate brand image, and makes your products easier to use, easier to translate, and easier to adapt to global markets.”



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Terminology: Getting Down to Business
Posted by Genta on Wednesday, September 26 @ 00:42:09 EDT (2298 reads)
Topic Terminology

LISA and its Members have been talking about the merits of managing terminology for years. We've conducted enough surveys to prove that it’s “the best thing since sliced bread.” We've presented doomsday scenarios about the impact of not managing terminology that have converted skeptics to dedicated terminologists (if only for a fleeting moment). We've lobbied source language partners to stop creating the "garbage in, garbage out" mess.



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The Tricky Terminology of the Oil and Gas Industry
Posted by Genta on Wednesday, September 26 @ 00:21:53 EDT (2984 reads)
Topic Terminology

Brazil is one of the world’s leaders in the development of deep water drilling technology. It is not rocket science but it comes quite close. The translation of oil industry documents can often be pretty dull fare. Those of us who do a lot of work in the field can testify to that. But every once in a while we are privileged to have a close look at Brazil’s deep water drilling technology. Take it from us, it is impressive. If you sit back a bit and let your imagination roam, you can come up with some pretty incredible images.



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