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Albania's political system is a presidential parliamentary democracy. The Parliament of Albania consists of a unicameral assembly known as the 'People's Assembly' or 'Kuvendi Popullor'. The assembly has 140 seats; 100 are elected by direct popular vote and 40 by proportional vote for four year terms.

The most recent elections for the assembly were held on 23 June 2013. The opposition Socialist Party coalition, led by former Mayor of Tirana Edi Rama, defeated the incumbent Sali Berisha, leader of the Democratic Party coalition government. Mr Rama’s ‘Alliance for a European Albania’ won 57.7% of the vote, translating to 84 seats in the 140-seat parliament. Mr Rama was confirmed as Prime Minister and sworn in to office in September 2013.

Legislative Power
Legislative Power
Albanian Parliament has a single-chamber and its members are directly elected <...

Executive Power
Executive Power
CM is proposed by the PM, nominated by the president, and approved by parliament ...

Judicial Power
Judicial Power
Judicial power is exercised by High Court, courts of appeal & courts of first instance...

The President of the Republic is the Head of State and represents the unity of the people....


The Cabinet of Albania, also known as Council of Ministers (Albanian: Këshilli i Ministrave) is the executive branch of Albania. The Chairman of the Council (Prime Minister) is appointed by the President; ministers are nominated by the President on the basis of the Prime Minister's recommendation. The Assembly of Albania must give final approval of the composition of the Council. The Council is responsible for carrying out both foreign and domestic policies. It directs and controls the activities of the ministries and other state organs.


The Council is responsible to the Parliament of Albania. The Parliament may choose to pass a motion of censure forcing the Council of Ministers to resign. This has the effect of forcing the Government to be composed of members from the majority political party in the Assembly or to be allied to the majority in a coalition. Ministers are required to answer written or oral questions put to them by members of Parliament, known as Government questions. In addition, ministers attend sessions of the Parliament when laws concerning their assigned sectors and departmental portfolios are under consideration.

Cabinet ministers cannot propose legislation without parliamentary approval. Ministers can however propose bills to Parliament and any such legislation is generally very likely to pass. On occasion, the majority opinion in Parliament may differ significantly from those of the executive, resulting in a large number of riders.

The Cabinet plays a major role in determining the agenda of the Parliament. It can propose laws and amendments during parliamentary sessions. It also has a number of procedures at its disposal to expedite parliamentary deliberations.

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